SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Social Infrastructure
 
Education
Literacy Rates Unit 2001 2011(P)
Male Per Cent 77.02 82.67
Female Per Cent 59.61 71.16
Total Per Cent 68.64 77.08
Rural Per Cent 63.42 72.97
Urban Per Cent 81.25 85.54
Source: Census of India, 2001, 2011

General Education
No Of Schools Unit 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Primary Number 66151* 66817* 66929*
Upper Primary Number 3097** 3940** 5222**
High and Higher Secondary Number 8952 9225 14180
Enrollment of Students in School
Primary Number 7625389* 7474799* 7207704*
Upper Primary Number 6166141** 6330203** 6294953**
High and Higher Secondary Number 3048343(R) 3433506(R) 3727585
Pupil Teacher Ratio
Primary 37.05 31.51 27.50
Upper Primary 54.35 51.47 45.44
*Including SSK **Including MSK
Source: DISE & SEMIS Reports, Department of School Education, Government of West Bengal.
College Education Unit 2009-10 2010-11
General Degree College for College Education Number 447 452
B.Ed & B.P.Ed. Colleges Number 128++ 146++
Engg. & Technical Colleges Number 85+ 85+
Other Colleges Number 154 155
+Excluding Universities e.g.JU,BESU,BU,CU & WBUT
++Excluding University Colleges/Department
Source: Department of Higher Education, Government of West Bengal.

Vital Statistics Unit Data recieved in
December,2010 December,2011
Birth Rate Per 1000 Population 17.2 16.8
Death Rate Per 1000 Population 6.2 6.0
Infant Mortality Rate Per 1000 live birth 33 31
Health Unit 2010* 2011**
No of Hospitals,Health Centres,Nursing Homes & Clinics Number 13924 13925
Total Beds Number 104641 107346
Beds per lakh of population# Number 118 120
persons per Doctor Number 1832 1804
*As on 31st March **As on 30th November
# Based on Projected Population as on 1st October
Sources: 1.Hope to Reality, Information and Cultural Affairs Department, Government of West Bengal.
2.Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal.

Distribution of Households in the State by Source of Lighting, 2011(P)
Sources Per Cent
Electricity 54.5
Kerosene 43.5
Solar Energy 1.2
Other Oil 0.2
Any other 0.1
No lighting 0.5
Source: Census of India, 2011.

Distribution of Households in the State by Source of Drinking Water Facility, 2011(P)
Sources Per Cent
Tap Water 25.4
Well 6.0
Hand pump 50.1
Tubewell 16.7
Others 1.8
Availability of Drinking Water Source
Within the premises 38.6
Near the premises 34.7
Away 26.6
Note: The sum of percentages may not add up to total hundred due to rounding off
Source: Census of India, 2011.

Distribution of Households by type of Latrine facility, 2011(P)
Type of Latrine Per Cent
Latrine facility within premises 58.8
Latrine connected to Piped sewer system 5.5
Latrine connected to Septic tank or other 26.3
With slab/ventilated pit 22.3
Without slab/open pit 3.2
Other latrine 1.4
Public latrine 2.5
Open 38.6
Note: The sum of percentages may not add up to total hundred due to rounding off
Source: Census of India, 2011.

Percentage Distributed of Households by type of fuel for Cooking, 2011(P)
Note: The sum of percentages may not add up to total hundred due to rounding off
Source: Census of India, 2011.

Abbreviation
P Provisional R Revised
E Estimated A Advance
Q Quick BE Budget Estimate
MW Mega Watt MU Million Unit
MKWH Million Killo Watt-Hour MT Metric Tonne
EM Entreprenuer Memorandum DLHS District Level Household and Facility Survey
RCH Reproductive and Child Health GSDP Gross State Domestic Product
NSDP Net State Domestic Product .. Not Available


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