STATE PROFILE
State Profile
State West Bengal
Capital Kolkata
Divisons Jalpaiguri, Burdwan, Presidency
Districts The 20 districts of West Bengal are as follows :
Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, Coochbehar, Uttar Dinajpur, Dakshin Dinajpur, Malda,
Murshidabad, Nadia, Birbhum, Burdwan, Bankura, Purulia, North 24 Parganas,
South 24 Parganas, Hooghly, Howrah, Kolkata, Purba Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur, Alipurduar
Location 2713'15" N to 2125'24" N Latitude
8548'20" E to 8953'04" E Longitude
Geographical Total Area is 88,752 square km.The Himalayas is the North and Bay of Bengal in
Regions the South.Broad Regions are the Himalayan Region, Terai Region,Rarh Region,
Western Plateau and Highlands, Ganges Delta in the South having Sundarbon
Mangrove Forest and small Coastal Area.
Rainfall Average Normal Rainfall is 1830 mm. for the State, 2486 mm.in Sub-Himalayan
West Bengal and 1502 mm. In Gangetic West Bengal.
Main Rivers The Ganges(also named as Bhagirati and Hoogly), Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka,
Mahananda, Damodar, Ajay, Kangsabati.
Total Population 91,347,736
Places of Historical Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Dooars, Alipurduar, Berhampur, Gour, Nabadwip, Santiniketan,
Kamarpukur, Joyrambati, Bishnupur, Chandannagar, Digha, Surdanban and Kolkata.
Important Minerals Coal and Coal bed Methane gas at Ranigunj, China clay and Fire clay at Bankura
and Purulia region.
Main Industrial Durgapur, Asansol, Chittaranjan, Titagarh, Howrah, Barrackpore, Kalyani, Kolkata,
Areas Haldia, Siliguri.
Power Plants Thermal Power Plants at Farakka, Bakreswar, Durgapur, Mejia, Bandel, Kolaghat,
Santaldihi, Sagardighi, Dishergarh, Budge Budge and Hydel Power Plants at Maithan,
Jaldhaka and Rammam.
Main Agriculture Aus Paddy, Aman Paddy, Boro Paddy, Jute, Maize, Wheat, Potato, Musturd,
Maskalai, Gram, Crops Musur, Khesari, Sugarcane, Til, Mung, Ground Nut, Vegetables and Tea.
National Parks Sundarban National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley
National Park and Singalila National Park.
Important Wildlife Extant wildlife includes the Royal Bengal Tiger, Indian Rhinoceros, Indian Elephant,
Deer, Bison, Leopard, Gaur and Crocodiles, as well as many bird species.
The Barking Deer, Red Panda, Chinkara, Pangolin are found in high-atittude forest.
Festivals & Fares Poila Baishakh (the Bengali New Year), Rathayatra, Durga Puja, Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja,
Nobanno, Poush Parbon, Saraswati Puja, Dolyatra, Christmas, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid uz-zoha,
Maharram, Buddha Purnima.Among several fairs, Gangasagar Mela, Poush Mela at
Shantiniketan and Joydeb Mela atKenduli are most popular.
Important Languages Bengali, English, Hindi, Nepali, Santali, Urdu and Oriya.Languages such as
Rajbongshi and Ho are used in some parts of the state.
Airports Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport at Dumdum (Kolkata), Bagdogra
Airport (near Siliguri) and Coochbehar Airport (newly created).
Sea Ports Kolkata and Haldia
Railways Eastern Railways and South Eastern Railway with Kolkata as Headquarter, The Kolkata
Metro, The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) in the northern part of the state.The
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Important Cities Kolkata, Asansol, Siliguri, Durgapur, Ranigunj, Haldia, Kharagpur, Burdwan, Darjeeling,
Medinipur, Jalpaiguri and Malda.

Administrative Set Up
Numbers
District 20
Subdivision 66
Police Station(Including outpost)   719
Development Block 341
Zilla Parishad 18
Panchayat Samity   333
Gram Panchayat 3239
Villages 40203
Municipality 121
Municipal Corporation 6
Census Towns 780
Sources : 1.Census of India, 2011.
2.Department of Panchayat and Rural Development, Government of West Bengal.
3.Department of Home(Police), Government of West Bengal.
Contents provided by the Commerce & Industries Department, Government of West Bengal
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